According to article "Ethnic groups of Afghanistan share a Y-chromosome heritage structured by historical events", the paternal Y-chromosomes of 8 tribes of Afghanistan are introduced. These 8 tribes are Arabs (Arabs), Balochs (Baluchis), Khazars (Khazarians), Norestans, Uzbeks (Uzbeks), Pashtuns (Pashtuns), Tajiks (Tajiks), Turkmens (Turkmens).
Due to successive years of civil war in Afghanistan, population statistics have seriously deviated. According to previous data, largest four tribes are Pashtuns (Pashtuns), who account for about 40%, Tajiks (Tajiks), who account for about 25 %, and the Khazarians (Kazakhs). Zara) about 15%, Uzbeks (Uzbeks) about 10%.
Pashtun (Pashtun) testers 49 people, largest male type is R1a (51.02%), second largest type is Q (18.36%), third is L (12.24%), and rest are smaller , for G (6.12%), H (4.08%), L (2.04%), C (2.04%), J2s (2.04%), R2a (2.04%) and etc., where R1a is sign type of Iranian language family. The share of Q, reaching 18%, is unexpected.
Tajik (Tajik) is testing 56 people, largest male type is R1a (30.36%), which is a cult type of Iranian-speaking people, second largest type is J2 (16.06%), this type is in Syria, Turkey and other places have a higher proportion, and third largest type is L (8.93%) and O (8.93%), L is a typical type with a high incidence in northern India, and also largest Baloch type (66, 66%). %)), a strikingly high proportion of type O (8.93%), highest in Afghanistan, of unclear origin.
Hazara (Hazara) testers are 60 people, largest type is C (33.33%), followed by J2 (26.66%), third place is occupied by Q (6.66%) and R1a (6, 66%). in our Chinese is 1.66%. The Haraza people have many types that are very rare in Afghanistan, such as B (5.00%), which is relatively rare outside of Africa, such as M1 (1.66%). Southeast Asia, e.g. I2b (3.33%), this type is more common in southeast Europe.
Uzbek (Uzbek) testers 17 people, largest type is C (41.17%), followed by R1a (23.52%), followed by R1b (11.76%), no type O, this structure is a typical Turkic paternal line is also very consistent with ancient Turkic paternal line.
According to Y-chromosome PCA diagram, Hazaras (Hazaras) are between populations of West and South Asia and the populations of East Asia (China, Japan, Korea, Mongolia), and Uzbeks (Uzbeks) also have certain characteristics of East Asian populations.