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The paternal DNA lineage of Zhou Tianzi family with same surname from an ancient tomb in Licheng County, Shanxi is N1a2b1a1a2-F710.

August 20, 2021, Ma Pengcheng, as first author, published article "Ancient Y-DNA with Reconstructed Phylogeny Provides Insight into Demographic History" in Journal of Genetics and Genomics (Journal of Genetics and Genetics). ") paternal haplogroup N1a2-F1360".

This article released information about two ancient human DNA from Zhou Dynasty Cemetery in Xiguan, Licheng County, Changzhi City, Shanxi Province, 2700 years ago.

This is first public record of Ji and Zhou royal family.

【Note: Previously, data on tomb of Zhou with surname Chengji in southwest of Changzi County, Changzhi City, Shanxi Province were unofficially released at annual archaeological conference (Professor Shaoqing)

The data published in this article is from Xiguan Township in Licheng County, Changzhi City, Shanxi Province. This is grave of a small and medium nobleman with surname Ji in Spring and Autumn period. human bone datasets:

The LCM9 male line (medium size noble tomb) is N1a2B1A1B-F710 and female line is Y1b1.

LCM6 (Small Noble Tomb) is numbered N1a2B1A1B2A-F1998 in male line and D4c1a in female line.

According to analysis of document, N1a2 was split into N1a2a and N1a2b-F4120 about 18,000 years ago, and then N1a2b was split into N1a2B1-F798 and N1a2B2-P43 about 10,000 years ago, and former is mainly distributed in East Asian, such as Chinese-Han, Kinh (Vietnamese Kinh), Japanese, Korean and other groups, latter being mainly distributed among Uralic, Turkic and Mongolian tribes in North Asia and Eastern Europe.

N1a2B1-F798 expanded 3500 years ago, and N1a2b1a1a2-F710, to which Zhou royal family belonged, was downstream.

The article assumes that 3,500 years ago, karasuk-type bronze items spread along Great Wall, which may have a certain background connection with rise of Zhou royal family. At same time, there is an opinion in article that rise of Zhou royal family may be associated with spread of bronze in northern China 3500-3100 years ago.

N1a2B1A1B2A-F1998 The Zhou royal family was very common in southwestern Xinjiang, northern Gansu and southern Inner Mongolia 3100 years ago. This is a very typical native Chinese type. The Zhou royal family may be related to Xiba culture or Tianshan North Road culture in northern Gansu, both of which are descended from Painted Ware culture of Northwest China.

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