The article "Similarities and differences in gene pool of Ukrainians and Russians of Slobozhanshchina according to Y-chromosome data" 2015 (similarities and differences in gene pool of Ukrainians and Russians in terms of number of Y-chromosomes in Sloboda region) presented Genetic profile of Ukrainians and Russians in east of Ukraine.
1. Object of study
A total of 213 Ukrainians from 3 regions and 284 Russians from 3 regions were studied, and number of study samples is relatively representative. All sampling sites were from border regions of eastern Ukraine and Russia. (When this article was published in 2015, it was still in a peaceful environment)
2. Expression of paternal Y-chromosome genes
Genetic analysis looks like this:
Judging by pictures, Ukrainian and Russian paternal lines are very similar, but some details are clearly different.
The largest of these two ethnic groups is R1a, a descendant of ancient population of northern Black Sea coast. For Ukrainians, it is 35.64% -46.43%, for Russians 55.60% -59.40%, for comparison, Russians have more R1a.
The second largest type is I2a-P37.2, which accounts for 21.43%-25.45% of Ukrainians and 12.60%-17.80% of Russians. This type predominates among South Slavs and in general amounts to 40%-80%.
The third largest type is N1c (now numbered N1a1a1), which originated in Northern China and Northeast China and moved to Northern Europe about 6,000 years ago, accounting for 5.36–5.94% of Ukrainians, and in Russia The proportion of people is 6.30% -13.30% The royal family of first Russian dynasty (the Rurik dynasty) belongs to N1c type. According to another article "Two sources of Russian patrilineal heritage in their Eurasian context" (Russian Eurasian dual patrilineal origin), average share of N among Russians in northern Russia is 43.0%, and highest can be as high as 53.7%. .
Their pie chart looks like this:
C is common in East Asia, not found in populations of Ukraine. Two cases were identified in Russians, and frequency of occurrence in three places was 0, 0.23% and 0.70% respectively. A larger study showed (over 1000+ Russian patrilineal data "Two sources of Russian patrilineal heritage in their Eurasian context"), C accounts for about 0.2% in Russia.In layman's terms, roughly one in every 500 Russians is a descendant of East Asian Mongols, and Ukrainians have no C at all.
Other genotypes, E1b (common in Mediterranean region), G (common in Caucasus region), I1 (common in Northern region), R1b (common in Western Europe and Spain), are slightly higher in Ukrainians than in Russians. Types I* and J are slightly higher among Russians than among Ukrainians.
If you are interested in Russian genes, you can refer to my other article "Russian Eurasian double paternal characteristics: R1a in Eastern Europe and N in Asia"
3. Cluster Diagram
The article presents a clustering diagram between different groups of Russians and Ukrainians. The clustering diagram shows that Russian groups are closer to each other and Ukrainian groups are closer to each other, showing that there are certain differences between the two groups. group total difference.
They are born from same root, so why rush each other!