The poems we usually read are usually from Tang and Song dynasties. After Tang and Song dynasties, Chinese poetry experienced a relative decline: from Yuan dynasty to early Qing dynasty, there was not a single poet who could be more or less unconventional. However, since modern times, China has faced changes unseen in three thousand years: social changes and national dangers intertwined, which led to huge changes in culture. The so-called "unfortunate poets of country", during this period, Chinese poetry also experienced a short-lived revival, and for a while there were many outstanding poets. Let's appreciate most exciting part of it.
Northern landscape, thousands of miles of ice, thousands of miles of snow. Looking in and out of Great Wall of China, there is nothing but wilderness: river rises and falls, and suddenly loses its swift current. The mountain dancing silver snake, original galloping wax figure, wants to compete with Tiangong. It must be a sunny day, looking at red dress wrapped in civilian clothes, it is unusually charming.
There are so many beautiful mountains and rivers that attract countless heroes. Xi Qin Huang Han Wu, a slightly less talented writer, Tang Zong Sun Tzu, a slightly less flirtatious one. Genghis Khan, proud son of sky, knows how to draw his bow and shoot only at large eagles. It's over, count romantic figures and look at present.
Chairman Mao's work "Qingyuanchun Snow" was written in 1936 and published in Chongqing "Xinmin Daily Evening" in 1946. This word describes magnificent snow scene in northern China, which can be described as magnificent, open and heroic. In next film, he indicated country, inspired words and commented on ancient emperors. His greatness is unparalleled either in antiquity or in our time. This word can be considered most daring and unrestrained word since ancient times, far surpassing Su Shi and Xin Qiji.
Meng Jianghong A Republic of China filled with Jianghong (Li Shutong) ambitions
Kunlun in Jiaojiao, moon is on top of mountain, someone shouted. Look at bottom of bag, cherished sword is like snow, how many grievances and enmity are there? With both hands, rip open intestines of mouse and cast civil rights brain out of an inch of gold. In this life, if you match it, you are a person with a good head.
Jing Ke's Tomb, Xianyang Street, Nie Zheng died, his body was cruel. As long as river flows, remaining feelings are still there. The soul turns into a jingwei bird, and blood splashes into red grass of heart. From now on, load of good mountains and rivers is made by heroes.
Written in 1911, poem reflects a major event in modern history - Wuchang uprising. After Wuchang Rebellion, rule of Qing Dynasty quickly collapsed, and 2000-year era of absolute monarchy in China came to an end. Li Shutong was returning from Japan at time, and these events made him very excited, so he took out a pen and ink and wrote this magnificent song "Manjianghong".
Mang Jianghong (Qiu Jin)
Having lived in Beijing for a short time, there will be a Mid-Autumn Festival again. Under fence, yellow flowers bloom everywhere, and autumn view is like a napkin. The four-faced song finally broke through Chu, and eight-year-old fragrance only thought of Zhejiang. It's hard to picture Nong and Qian as crescent-shaped eyebrows, but I don't care.
The body is inferior to human, but heart is stronger than human. In life, it is regarded as a liver and gallbladder, because people often get hot. Who knows me with common sense? The end of a hero is torment. Man Hongchen, where can I find a close friend? The green shirt is wet.
This poem was written at 1903 Mid-Autumn Festival, shortly after Eight Power Allied Forces invaded, Qiu Jin witnessed unprecedented national crisis and corruption of Qing Dynasty and decided to surrender to revolutionary cause. . But Qiu Jin's husband did not care about public affairs. On this Mid-Autumn Festival, Qiu Jin ran away from home, devoted himself to revolution, and wrote song "Man Jiang Hong." Among them, "the body is not as good as men, but heart is stronger than men", reflecting his revolutionary enthusiasm. This poem can be called most daring and unrestrained poem of women poets of antiquity and modernity, it is not inferior in comparison with poems of Su Dongpo and Xin Qiji.
Leaving capital to leave princes (Kang Yuwei)
Tianlong rode all spirits and flew all way to Misty Peak on his own.
Holding Fangxinlan in my arms, fog in sky thickens and thickens.
Who in eyes of Warring States period is crouching dragon among domestic talent?
When he returns with a trombone, sword in hand, thousands of mountains and winds and winds howl Qingfeng.
In 1899, Kang Youwei asked Guangxu Emperor to reform law, but he was thwarted by stubborn supporters and failed, so he returned to south and wrote this poem. The poem expresses Kang Youwei's feelings of hatred for great powers, lack of opportunity to serve country, and returning home with his sword. The whole article is passionate and heroic. Zhang Shizhao praised his style: "The Yellow River has no return for thousands of miles, and rain brings mud and sand."
Walking with Liu Daoyi (Sun Yat-sen)
Three Chuxiong in southeast half-wall, Liu Lang died, and Tyranny was empty.
The legacy that remains is very complex. Who is as generous as people of Sri Lanka?
The autumn wind mourns warhorses on fork, and sunset in Shenzhou weeps and mourns.
When you drink Huanglong wine and hug Jiangliu Yidiangun.
1906. The Tongmenghui launched a Pinliuli rebellion in Hunan province, which was defeated, passionate youth Liu Daoyi died among them, and revolutionaries wrote mournful poems, among which Sun Yat-sen's poem is most revealing. Sun Yat-sen's poem is full of strength and heroism and heroic manner of "crossing river", which contradicts twilight spirit of old classic "drinking wine by river" and further sweeps away sentimental coloring of many poems. about grief and sorrow in ancient times. Those who have achieved ability to "use opposite of what they mean" in borrowing and using allusions are not above academic achievement, and they go beyond the usual limited views.
Congratulations to groom (Liang Qichao)
Dongfengli last night. Patience looking back, Yueming homeland, desolation is here. The quail head gave Qin a normal dream, but Jun Tian was drunk. It doesn't matter, world is exhausted. The setting sun is long and smoke is black, and iron cavalry on Yinshan Mountain crosses land. The banner of Han Dynasty is torn out, and sound of drum is dead.
Wuhua is still different. Whose house it is, solemnly lies on sofa, snores and sleeps all time. If you don't believe in gods for thousands of years, there is no man. Ask Chunshui and Qianqing what's matter? I'm so sad that no one will see you, and there will be no heroic tears when visiting Mingyi. The sound of chickens is chaotic and sword lights up.
In 1900, allied forces of Eight Powers launched an aggressive war against China, and in 1901 forced Qing Dynasty to sign "Treaty of Xinzhou". In this context, Liang Qichao wrote this word. The whole word is filled with emotions, grief and indignation, uses natural and appropriate allusions, this is a work full of patriotism. In particular, sentences “Whose family solemnly lies on sofa, snores and sleeps”, “Do not believe in gods for a thousand years, but there is no man” and “The cry of chickens is chaotic, and sword shines” are all allusions, but in this word impression produced on readers in book, same as a new creation, with power to shock, suggest, inspire and inspire descendants of Yang and Huang to work tirelessly for rebirth of Motherland in world.
Got in mouth (Wang Jingwei)
Stone in hand makes you crazy and sad for thousands of miles.
Fly alone and tirelessly, chasing seagulls in shame.
The beautiful purples and reds are hard to reproduce with knowledge.
He was so hairy and bloody.
Song Yan City generously and calmly be a prisoner of Chu.
Quickly drawing his knife, he stands on boy's head.
Save life of your heart and soul and pay with ashes for your broken body.
The green phosphorescence is immortal, shining every night on Yantai.
March 31, 1910 Wang Jingwei and his Tongmenghui comrades failed to kill Regent Zaifeng and were arrested. Wang Jingwei wrote this poem in prison to show his determination for revolution. Later, this poem was widely circulated in society, and Wang Jingwei became famous for a while. However, times have changed, and during Japanese Resistance War, Wang Jingwei became biggest traitor, and eternal wisdom was destroyed in one day. Only in terms of poetry, Wang Jingwei is quite perfect, like styles of Chen Jilong, Xia Wanchun and other Yunjian schools.
Prison Wall (Than Sitong)
Oneman only stays to think about Zhang Jiang and waits for Dugan for a while.
I smile at sky from side and go to Kunlun to save my heart and bile.
The twenty-fourth year of Guangxu (1898) is lunar year 1898. In June of that year, Guangxu Emperor introduced reforms. In August, Tang Xitong was ordered to enter Beijing to participate in New Deal. In mid-September, Empress Dowager Cixi staged a coup, imprisoned Emperor Guangxu, and began persecuting and killing reformers. Kang Youwei and Liang Qichao fled abroad. Many people advised Tan to leave as soon as possible, but he said: “If there are no walkers, there is no way to plan for future; if there are no dead, there is no way to call future.” determined to stay and save Emperor Guangxu. Several Japanese friends invited him to go east to Japan. He said: "Reforms in different countries are achieved through bloodshed. Today, China has never heard of anyone who shed blood for reforms. On September 21, he was arrested at same time as Yang Shenxiu, Liu Guangdi, Kang Guangren, Yang Rui and Lin Xu He wrote this poem in prison.
Song School of Southwest Associated Manjianghong University (Feng Yulan)
A long march of thousands of miles left palaces of Five Dynasties and temporarily stopped at Hengshan and Xiangshui, and this was another parting. Completely transplanted Zhenqianzhi and spattered all of Kyushu with Li Yuan's blood. Blowing all way, reciting strings in a mountain city full of love.
A thousand years of shame will eventually turn into snow. Zhongxingye needs outstanding people. There will be three households, and a strong heart is hard to break. How difficult it is to worry about a new national movement and to endure and hope for old philosophers. Waiting for expulsion of enemies, restoration of Shenjing and return of Yanjie.
After start of anti-Japanese war, Tsinghua University, Peking University, Nankai University and Changsha University moved to Kunming in southwest to form Southwest Associated University. In July 1938, Ministry of Education ordered all schools to submit school songs and school mottos. Feng Youlan wrote school song "Manjianghong" for Southwest Associated University. “In end, shame of a thousand years will be covered with snow; Zhongxinye must be outstanding,” spirit of Southwest Associated University has deeply permeated school song. The lyrics of school song are refined and graceful, lamenting hardships of moving south, praising relentless aspirations of teachers and students, and finally expressing hope for final victory.
Respectful Chanting of Zuogong West Gangtang (Yang Changjun)
The general has not yet returned abroad, and Khusyan's students are all over Tien Shan.
Three thousand miles of newly planted red willows draw spring breezes to Yuguan.
In 1970s, with Russian support, Agub invaded Xinjiang. In 1876, Zuo Zongtang led Hunan army into Xinjiang and finally regained north and south of Tien Shan mountains. He ordered army to plant poplars, willows, and sandy jujube trees along road, in places suitable for forest, and along road near city named Dao Liu. Its purpose is, firstly, to strengthen roadbed, secondly, to prevent fixation by wind and sand, thirdly, to limit legs of soldiers and horses, and, fourthly, to provide shade for pedestrians. “Shadow of Kunlun covered with snow, bowls of wine, Yangguan, horses neighing and people crying, who will bring spring breeze, a thousand miles of greenery. Do not cut, do not cut, it is planted by Zuo Gong.” At this time, willows are used to praise Zuo Zongtang's heroism in regaining Xinjiang.
National Memorial (Yu Yuren)
Bury me on a high mountain, take a look at my mainland. The mainland is not visible, only weeping bitterly.
Bury me on a high mountain, looking out over my hometown. My hometown is invisible and I will never forget it.
The sky is dark, fields are vast, and mourning reigns over mountains.
In 1949, Chiang Kai-shek retreated to Taiwan and eventually became a generation of island masters, resulting in a situation across Taiwan Strait. At same time, Yu Yuzhen also arrived in Taiwan and wrote song "National Memorial" in 1964. In poem, he expresses his deep nostalgia for his hometown and mainland with endless sorrow, and also expresses common desire of compatriots on both sides of Taiwan Strait for reunification of motherland.