In past, there were rumors on Internet that "Wei Qing and Huo Qubing were excluded from high school history books" and that "Yue Fei was not considered a national hero." This remark probably appeared in 2016 and is still common today. Is it really? The editor found on Internet latest high school history textbook called "Ministerial Edition". The textbook revives method of compiling a world history, while at same time also placing more emphasis on study of a coherent world history. (The world history part of past history textbooks only talked about Greece, Rome, and modern times.)
Wei Qing and Huo Qiubing were figures of Han Dynasty. Open fourth lesson, "Western Han and Eastern Han: Reunification of a Great United Country." This lesson is about introducing political history of Han Dynasty. Among them, section "Prosperity of Western Han Dynasty under Emperor Wu of Han Dynasty" presented domestic and foreign policies of Emperor Wu of Han Dynasty, including expansion of territory. Among them, a content is written about Wei Qing and Huo Qubing: “Emperor Wu of Han Dynasty appointed Wei Qing and Huo Qubing as generals. After three major wars, he captured a large area south of Yinshan Mountain and Hexi Corridor. The Han Dynasty founded Jiuquan, Wuwei, Zhangye, 4th county of Dunhuang. In order to cooperate in war against Xiongnu, Han Dynasty Emperor Wu sent Zhang Qian to western regions twice, opening a communication route between China and West, and greatly promoted political, economic and cultural ties between western regions and Central Plains".
So content about Yue Fei still exists? Refer to Lesson 9, "Politics and Military Affairs in Two Song Dynasties" and "Pianan in Southern Song Dynasty", which talks about confrontation between Song and Jin. Several troops with relatively high combat effectiveness, especially Yue Family Army under command of Yue Fei, there were outstanding records. However, Song Gaozong and Prime Minister Qin Hui, adhering to national policy of protecting culture and suppressing military power, regarded Yue Fei and other military forces as trustees and took initiative to seek peace with Jin Dynasty. In 1114, Southern Song Dynasty and Jin Dynasty concluded Shaoxing Peace Treaty. The border ran from Huaishui River in east to Dasan Pass in west. The Southern Song Dynasty became a vassal of Jin Dynasty and each year paid Jin Dynasty a certain amount of property, which was called "annual prescription." tribute". Yue Fei was also arrested and killed by Southern Song court. And attached to picture is inscription "Song Gaozong bestows decree of Yue Fei." It can be seen that Yue Fei's content is still in book.
You can see that facts are not so common on Internet. When textbook describes history of various ethnic groups, he tries to tell it from a neutral point of view, which should be worthy of recognition. For example, when describing history of Wei, Jin, Southern and Northern dynasties, focus is mainly on integration of nationalities, such as reform of Emperor Xiaowen in Northern Wei dynasty, which laid foundation for unification of Sui dynasty. and Tang dynasty. The Tang and Ming dynasties mainly introduced friendly relations between Central Plains dynasties and surrounding ethnic groups, such as marriage, canonization, and trade.
For Liao, Jin, Yuan, Qing and other dynasties or regimes created by ethnic minorities, textbooks also treat each other equally and emphasize their contribution to China's territorial and ethnic relations. For example, contribution to territory of Yuan Dynasty is mentioned: "The Yuan Dynasty not only possessed a vast territory, but also exercised a long and relatively stable dominance over border territories, which previous unified dynasties did not achieve." In Lesson 14, "The Qing Dynasty in Prosperity and Crisis," there is a subsection on contribution of Qing Dynasty in China to "Establishing Frontier."