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It's funny how many mistakes are in map of Han Dynasty drawn by Tan Qixiang?

Han Dynasty on DK world history map

Tan Qixiang also attributed Ordos plateau to Xiongnu. After Battle of Monan and Battle of Hexi, Han Dynasty regained all of Hetao, controlled Hexi Corridor and Alxa Plateau, and Ordos Plateau was completely surrounded by Han Dynasty. How could it become an enclave? from Huns? Since founding of New China, a large number of Han tombs from Western Han Dynasty to Eastern Han Dynasty have been discovered on Ordos Plateau, showing that Ordos was always under control of Han Dynasty. . The discovery of these Han tombs once again proved absurdity of Tan Qixiang's map.

3. The problem of four counties of Han and Ailao

Tan Qixiang's card is not just a card to expand border, sometimes due to interethnic friendship issues, he will play with a card to reduce border. Thus, Tang Qixiang's map does not have a single standard. At end of this article, I will talk about four counties of Han Dynasty and problem of Ailao.

The Four Districts of Han Dynasty are four districts founded by Emperor Wu of Han Dynasty to destroy Korea (the Wei family), namely Lelang County, Xuantu County, Zhenfan County, and Lingtong County. In 82 BC two counties of Lintong and Zhenfan were merged into counties of Lelang and Xuantu and migrated to Goguryeo (Xinbin). However, it is clear that Goguryeo was included in Xuantu Junzhi on Tang Qixian map of Western Han Dynasty, which is clearly incorrect.

Four Han counties

As for southern boundary of four Han districts, maps of Japan and South Korea are mostly drawn south of Han River, and Tri Han are compressed so that there is not much space. And Tan Qixiang's border is basically a straight line in accordance with position of "38th parallel." At present, we do not have historical materials and archaeological finds confirming where southern border of "Four Han counties" lies, so we will not give too many estimates here.

I have to say something about Ailao. In southwestern regions of Western and Eastern Han dynasties, an arc was mainly drawn in southwest and southwest, and westernmost one reached India. I do not know what this drawing is based on. Judging by various historical materials, Ailao tribal union did not appear in Western Han Dynasty, and Sima Qian's Historical Records only briefly mentions that there was a kingdom of Chengxiang outside Southwestern Yi, and does not mention Ailao. Therefore, Tan Qixiang was wrong to mark Ailao on map of Western Han Dynasty.

During Western Han Dynasty: "During time of Xiaou, it was associated with Bo Nanshan, Lancangshui and Qixi, and two counties of Yutang and Buwei were established." The dynasty had just begun to cross Lancang River. The Ailao tribal union was founded at beginning of Eastern Han Dynasty. In AD 69, Ailao Wang Lumao led 77 subordinate countries, more than 50,000 households, and more than 550,000 people belonging to Dongtu. The Eastern Han Dynasty established Yongchang County in former Yongchang County. of four counties under jurisdiction of Yongchang County did not cross Nu River, so southwestern border of Han Dynasty could not cross Nu River and Gaogong Li Mountain, let alone reach northeastern part of India.

Southwestern part of Tang Qixiang's territory in Eastern Han Dynasty

Moreover, people of Ailao only surrendered to Eastern Han Dynasty for a short time and rebelled less than 10 years later. In 76, Ailao revolted against Han. Defeated by Han army, Ailao people crossed Nujiang River. Since then, there is no mention of Ailao in historical materials of Central Plains. Yi Tan Qixiang not only drew southwestern version of Eastern Han Dynasty to India, but also drew later maps of Shu Han, Western Jin and Eastern Jin here, with boundary line not changed at all, which is apparently taken for granted. . For comparison, southwestern border, according to National Taiwan University, basically reaches front line of Nu River, which is much more objective than Tan Qixiang's.

Southwest of Taiwanese version of Eastern Han map

It was during Yuan Dynasty that central government was able to truly cross Niu River and rule western Yunnan. Prior to Ming Dynasty, jurisdiction of its central government could not cross Luchuan (Ruili), let alone reach Indian border.

This article only lists Tan Qixiang's territory errors in terms of territory, and is only a general summary. If you carefully study internal settings of administrative division, then there will be even more errors, we can say that "full of errors" is not an exaggeration at all. For example, Tan Qixiang marked Lujiang County in Shucheng (Lujiang, Anhui) on map of Qin Dynasty, but county government of Lujiang during Qin Dynasty was located in Panyang, in Poyang Lake area of ​​Jiangxi. it was not until Han Dynasty that government of Lujiang County moved to Shu. . However, Tan Qixiang also seemed to be aware of his mistake and marked Lujiang County in Panyang on submap of Qin Dynasty map, which made people laugh and cry. In short, although Tan Qixiang's map is authoritative, we should not carelessly trust authorities, but should have spirit of independent thinking and judgment.

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