Bo Yang is a famous scientist in Taiwan, China. He did not receive a single diploma in his life. He had to go to university by forging fake academic certificates, but Taiwanese ministry had "permanently expelled him from school." education. In 1968, he was jailed for 10 years for "Popeye incident". In prison, he wrote three manuscripts: Compendium of Chinese History, Genealogy of Chinese Emperors, Queens, Princes and Princesses, and Chronology of Chinese History. . After he was released from prison in 1978, he was ordered by Taiwanese authorities to set three rules: he was not allowed to mention past, he was not allowed to repeat old tunes, and he was not allowed to expose darkness of Taiwanese society. In 1985, he wrote The Ugly Chinese, which has become widespread in modern Chinese world.
The Compendium of Chinese History is one of Bo Yang's most famous works. The book consists of almost 800,000 words and tells and comments on period from mythical era when Pangu discovered world to Eight's invasion of Beijing. - The power of allied forces in first year of 20th century in history of China. The text stretches beautifully, like floating clouds and flowing water, comments are sharp and deep, but can also be subtle. This book is a high level of folk history, in terms of writing history in a beautiful and beautiful way, not devoid of deep insights, no one can surpass it so far, one might even say that there is not even a qualified competitor. The reason why Bo Yang called his general history work "History of Man" is because he believed that history of ancient China was written for emperors and generals, and not for history of mankind.
We only have one country and that is China. We are proud that we are Chinese and not a dynasty. When China was as powerful as Han Dynasty, Tang Dynasty and Qing Dynasty, we were always proud to be Chinese. When China was weak, like Northern and Southern Dynasties, Five Dynasties, Song Dynasty, Ming Dynasty, and end of Qing Dynasty, we were still proud to be Chinese. China is our mother, our only foothold. All dynasties are just Chinese dynasties, and all countries are just another name for China. —— Bo Yang
Bo Yang made a very surprising conclusion in "Compendium of Chinese History"
“Every dynastic regime in Chinese history has this type of scene. This allows us to discover historical law, that is, any dynastic regime, when it is established for about 50 years, or when it is passed on to second generation. In third generation, a period of bottleneck occurred. When ruling class enters narrow passage of bottleneck, if ruling class does not have a high degree of wisdom and ability, they cannot avoid suffering enough for their previous efforts to be wasted, that is, enough to destroy their country and family . bottleneck crisis. History has shown that if you can get past this bottleneck, you can achieve long-term stability. If you cannot get through this bottleneck or stay in this bottleneck, it will inevitably collapse. ”
If we compare any dynasty in China, we find that almost all dynasties in Chinese history experienced periods of bottlenecks. After Xia dynasty came to Dayu, event "after Yi ascended throne, he killed Yi and won throne", and then "Taikang lost country" occurred; The Shang Dynasty and Western Zhou Dynasty helped Yi Yin and Zhou Gong respectively through crisis. The Qin II dynasty died, and after death of Liu Bang in Han dynasty, imperial power faded into background, and Empress Lu monopolized power; In Song dynasty, Song Taizong's coup occurred in second generation, and in Ming dynasty, Battle of Jingnan occurred in second generation. The second generation of Qing Dynasty also experienced a crisis thanks to Dorgon's administration.
Bo Yang's Ugly Chinese is a critique of inferiority of Chinese culture and a continuation of Lu Xun and Lin Yutang. His criticisms include "criticism of Chinese national character" and "criticism of weakness of Chinese traditional culture". He considers traditional Chinese culture "sauce jar culture". He said: "The culture of any nation is like Yangtze River, which flows down endlessly. The current becomes a puddle of stagnant water."
Due to many years of mourning for autocratic-feudal social order, Chinese have been sour for too long in this vat of sauce. Our thoughts, judgments and visions are all polluted by this vat of sauce, and we cannot avoid this vat. volume of vat for sauce. Over time, most of us have lost ability to distinguish right from wrong, lack of moral courage, and in everything can only respond to emotions and intuition, and can no longer think. All behavioral values are based on moral and political norms in a saucepan. So there is no right and wrong, no right or wrong. In such an environment there is little understanding and analysis of things. After a long period of formalities, finally, universal retribution came, that is, "Opium War".