Songqi is only poetic genre in ancient China that can keep pace with Tang poetry. According to "All Song Ci" statistics, there were over 1,330 poets in Song Dynasty and about 20,000 poems were written. So many words, style is different, quality is not uniform, so it is very difficult for ordinary people. For this reason, many people in ancient China chose Song Qi and compiled them into a collection of Qi.
Among them, most famous is "Three Hundred Poems-Songs", compiled by contemporary poet Zhu Xiaozang in 1924. "Three hundred poems of song poems" included only 300 works from 87 schools, after completion only 285 poems remained. For first time in history, this collection of Qi selected all schools of Qi in various styles, and inherited excellent style of "Three Hundred Poems of Tang Dynasty". However, since Zhu Xiaozang was influenced by Changzhou school of qi, he overemphasized graceful school and neglected bold and unrestricted school in terms of word choice.
Three Thousand Poems of Song Qi has 24 poems by Wu Wening, 22 poems by Zhou Bangyan, 16 poems by Jiang Kui, 18 poems by Yan Jidao, 12 poems by He Zhu, and 13 poems. poems by Liu Yong, 11 by Yan Shu, 11 by Ouyang Xiu, 9 by Shi Dazu, 9 by Qin Guan, 7 by Li Qingzhao. The number of texts selected by aforementioned individuals reaches 153, which is half scale.
The Changzhou Qi School at that time especially admired Qi Zhou Bangyan, Wu Wening, Jiang Kui and other members of Song Dynasty. Due to excessive pursuit of rhythm, they are also called "melodic school". In fact, when we now read their works, we will feel that most of them are groaning without disease and empty and boring.
However, Su Shi and Xin Qiji, who are often considered pinnacle of Qi in Song Dynasty, were ignored. Su Shi chose only 12 poems, Xin Qiji chose only 10 poems, and other bold and casual poems were selected even less, such as 4 poems by Liu Kezhuang, 3 poems by Lu Yu, and 4 poems by Liu Chenwen. In total number of unrestrained groups, there are only about 50 pieces.
In fact, value of poems of bold and unrestrained school in Song Dynasty is much higher than that of fine poetry. The words of graceful school of Qi are mainly addicted to flowers, wine, love and love, with less real feelings and more moans without illness. Therefore, reading "Three Hundred Poems of Songs" causes great sadness and melancholy in people. At same time, style and content of these words are approximately similar, many words and phrases are interchangeable, and artistic intent is similar.
Bold and unbridled Qi is different from others. Qi poets such as Su Shi, Xin Qiji, and Lu Yu inscribed national events, political turmoil, rural beauty, and personal life into their Qi, making Qi "history of Qi." Through Bold School, we can read story of rise and fall of Song Dynasty in Song Qi and lament audacity and injustice of scholars.
In past, many poets believed that Qi School was School of Grace, because earliest Qi market in China, "Huajian Ji", mostly recorded "Huajian" Qi from Wen Tingyun at end of Tang Dynasty. to Xishu Qi school. It is believed that words are originally based on grace. In fact, style of word is varied at beginning. Li Bai's "Remembering Qin'e" in Tang Dynasty is magnificent, Wei Yingwu's "Song of Zhuan Ying" is deserted and vast, and Bai Juyi's "Remembering Jiangnan" is magnificent and vast. It can be seen that styles of Qi in Tang Dynasty are varied.
In 1900, people discovered a large amount of Tang Dynasty Qi in Dunhuang Grottoes, and after sorting, a large number of Qi collections appeared. Wang Chongming's Dunhuang Song Qi Compendium compiled 164 texts; "Songs of Dunhuang" by Zhao Zong-i compiled 318 texts; 545 poems; after Ren Erbei, he compiled Dunhuang Geqi Compendium, which was expanded to include more than 1,200 collected poems. and recorded by all those who are interested in music.
Dunhuang has been a god since ancient times, and was admired by all tribes. Lingtai has long been known for looking at Longting in Xiaojie. I only hate tribes that are divided and it's hard to express my love. Sooner or later I will destroy wolves and Tibetans and bow down to holy face together. —— "Man Bodhisattva"
The style of these songs and lyrics is very different from style of vulgar admirers of Huajian rouge. In these words “there are groans of wanderers, bold words of faithful servants and righteous, pleasure and joy of gentlemen, aspirations and disappointments of young disciples, praises of Buddha and songs of doctors, all of which are in tune. Those who are less than half." Means less than half is love, love, flowers and plants. The discovery of "Dunhuang Song Qi" changed people's traditional understanding, and people began to notice that original style of Qi was also full of flowers.
Because there are many problems in Zhu Xiaozang's Three Hundred Poems of Song Dynasty, almost no one cares about it after decades. The "Three Hundred Poems of Song Dynasty", which is popular on market today, is not Zhu Xiaozang's anthology at all, but is new choice of many scholars after founding of People's Republic of China. For example, in Song Qi's Three Hundred Poems Evaluation Dictionary, Qi Su Shi increased to 20, Xin Qiji increased to 18, Liu Kezhuang to 8, and Lu Yu to 7. Wenying decreased to 9 poems, Jiang Kui decreased to 10 poems, Zhou Bangyan reduced to 12 poems, with exception of Li Qingzhao's increase, number of other fine words decreased significantly.