The Terracotta Warriors and Horses of Qin Shi Huang, discovered in 1974, are known as one of Eight Wonders of World. It took 39 years to create largest and best preserved terracotta warrior and horse. .
The completed Qin Shi Huang Mausoleum has an area of more than 14,000 square meters. There are millions of workers and artisans in this huge Shi Huang Mausoleum. I have done enough articles in my place.
Why, after such a magnificent mausoleum of Qin Shi Huang was discovered in 1974, many of terracotta warriors and horses discovered at an early stage were broken? Why were there traces of burning inside terracotta warriors and horses of Qin Shi Huang?
Why is there no exact description of this passage in history books? Are many of realistic characters in Qin Shi Huang's Terracotta Warriors and Horses really like folk legends, were they created from flesh of Qin army soldiers?History of Great Qin Empire
After Qin Shihuang unified world, he began many reforms. As first emperor of a feudal dynasty, he realized that China at that time was focused on agriculture and war to realize exchange and development.
However, two occupations: farming and fighting require a lot of labor. The reason why Qin was able to succeed in these two aspects was to achieve an increase in population base and emerge among heroes of Warring States period. The unification was carried out by king before Qin, who laid many good foundations.
Back in Qin Xiangong period, system of human sacrifice was completely abolished. In ancient times, there was a cruel and inhumane system where people died in their posts. Kings before Qin Xianggong had to be buried with hundreds of people when they died.
The abolition of system of human martyrdom has historically given state of Qin basic right to life. This move had a huge social impact, guaranteeing not only growth of country's population, but also talent from all over world. endless possibilities brought about by this major change appealed to state of Qin one after another.
After Qin Dynasty abolished system of human martyrdom, Shang Yang appeared during Qin Xiaogong period, although reform finally stopped as it affected main interests of conservative factions.
But after Shang Yang's reform, Qin's population and economy reached leaps and bounds, and Qin really took lead in Five Hegemonies of Spring and Autumn. I must say that this is largely due to abolition of human sacrifice. system.
Qin Xiangong was first monarch to openly abolish human rights system and replace it with pottery figurines.
In eyes of ancients, human sacrifice means that after death, items used and accompanying people must be brought to tomb. To fully reproduce scene of life before death, then use pottery figurines to make servants in life. This will not lead to a significant reduction in public workforce.
Hundreds of people are buried with king, and hundreds of people are buried with dignitaries, so that talents preserved by king and nobles die young. This change shows that state of Qin has come to value human life and has had original sprouts of humanism.Overthrow your Great Qin Empire
Having received a huge dividend in area of population policy, Qin Shi Huang unified six countries and unified world after conditions were ripe, and carried out many reforms to achieve ultimate goal of strengthening figure.
But when Ying Zheng first became King of Qin, Qin Shi Huang let go of himself and started building his own tomb, hoping to fulfill his long-held desire for eternal life and immortality. This underground palace of Qin Mausoleum, which took 39 years to build, has countless accessory funerary items.
Of course, most valuable thing at this time is many thousands of troops that Yingzheng wants to get. At this time, production of terracotta warriors and horses has already begun.
However, Yingzheng did not expect that his construction of a huge imperial mausoleum not only led to a huge loss of public wealth, but after death of Qin Shihuang, his successor, Qin II Huhai, re-ignited fire of human sacrifice, pinnacle of system.
After Qin Shihuang's death, among those buried with him were Qin Shihuang's own children, and all workers and craftsmen who participated in construction of underground palace were beheaded.
After construction of underground palace was completed, between 50,000 and 60,000 people, builders, Ying Zheng's wife and daughters, who knew location of underground palace, became objects of Qin Shi Huang's funeral.
The State of Qin was first to abolish human sacrifice system, but Qin Shi Huang himself did not expect to become king with most sacrifices in history.
It also opened door to destruction of Great Qin Empire. Qin Er Shi Huhai, who killed 50,000 to 60,000 great masters and artisans on basis of keeping secrets, has since been gradually eliminated by history.
Qin II's reign was in disarray. After assassination of his older brother Fusu, an enslaved king of Qin dynasty came to power. Hu Hai appointed a eunuch and treacherous Zhao Gao to treat deer like a horse and do all kinds of evil, bringing cruel and sexual politics to peak.
In face of crazy labor and taxation, uprisings of nobles and people began one after another. After final loss of their dominance, two powerful military factions arose and began to turn tide. Xianyang's heart moved forward.The fire of imperial tomb
Two armed forces led by Xiang Yu, a descendant of aristocratic state of Chu, and Liu Bang, Duke of Pei County, overthrew rule of Qin Dynasty.
From point of view of later generations, reason why Xiang Yu, overlord of Western Chu, desperately invaded Xianyang was not to proclaim himself emperor and become co-ruler of world, but because a strong obsession with revenge supported him hostilities. group.
When Qin dynasty destroyed state of Chu, Xiang Yu's army wanted to rush to Xianyang to kill everyone and avenge dead ancestors of Western Chu.
This is not bad as an initial program, but after turning into a military group, goal of achieving unification is not strong, as can be seen from actions of Xiang Yu's army after he invaded Xianyang.
Liu Bang invaded Xianyang Ziying and surrendered, Liu Bang did not kill, but later Xiang Yu's army invaded Xianyang not only killed Ziying, but also frantically searched for Qin Shihuang's mausoleum and set fire to emperor's mausoleum, finding him, it is Qin Shihuang. The reason why terracotta warriors were burned.
However, there is no detailed record of this incident in history books. In ancient times, when information was blocked, there was no accurate data for a detailed description of this incident, because everyone who knew location of emperor's mausoleum was killed, and Xiang Yu burned it. Most importantly, there is no exact evidence for existence of mausoleum of Emperor Qin Shi Huang, so even Sima Qian's Historical Records do not have clear records.
But according to later excavations, Xiang Yu did indeed find Emperor Qin Shi Huang's tomb, but scale of emperor's tomb was too large, and Xiang Yu did not find main location of Qin Shi Huang's tomb.
Xiang Yu's desire for revenge prompted him to dig up Qin Shi Huang's corpse to avenge his country's hatred and his family's hatred. Looking at it now, even with today's advanced science and technology, it is difficult to scientifically excavate Qin Shi Huang's Mausoleum filled with a lot of mercury. So, Xiang Yu simply burned a few terracotta warriors and horses he found.Summary
Some of Qin Shi Huang's terracotta warriors and horses were smashed, their heads were beheaded, and some were burned to ground. Most likely, these are Xiang Yu's actions of revenge after he invaded Xianyang.
These realistic terracotta warriors and horses are epitome of exquisite craftsmanship and wisdom of ancient craftsmen.Many prototype terracotta warriors and horses were created by craftsmen in image of Qin Shi Huang's imperial guard.
The average growth of terracotta warriors and horses reached a height of 1.85 meters, which indicates that prototype of this army is main force of Qin army, which survived many battles.
The known number of Qin Shi Huang's Terracotta Warriors and Horses is as high as 8,000. It is possible that as technology advances, more Terracotta Warriors and Horses will be discovered in future. Thus, it seems that number of Qin Shi Huang's Terracotta Warriors and Horses could be as high as 10,000, which is thousands of soldiers that Shi Huang wanted.