Culture prevails in every country, and in different periods this culture was expressed in different ways. Nepal has a rich religious culture and Hinduism is very closely associated with Nepalese royal family.
According to records, Hinduism was especially popular in Nepal during Lichavi dynasty, but after that, Hindu culture gradually disappeared from sight of Nepalese.
Before Mara Dynasty, Jayastiti Mara focused on promoting Indian culture, developed Hindu culture in many ways, believed in three major gods, and took throne of Nepalese cultural sphere.
In religious culture of Nepal, believers deeply revere goddess Kumari, and she is a "living goddess" who came to Nepal in form of a real person.Initial legend
It is said that in kingdom of Mara in seventeenth century, goddess Durga became god that king believed in. She is embodiment of strength and protects kingdom of Mara.
The king will meet with Durga every night, they not only discuss state affairs, but also play a kind of dice game. However, one night the king was obsessed with Durga's beauty and became greedy, so he offended goddess.
Durga was furious and decided not to continue with king. The king begged goddess for forgiveness, and goddess agreed to reincarnate as a girl, appearing in form of Kumari.
King Mara began looking for Kumari and built a temple for goddess for him so that faithful could worship Kumari.Very strict selection
There are several Kumari in whole city at same time, and they will be treated with special respect, and must go through several stages of selection and testing before a "living goddess" Kumari is born in Nepal.
Of course, as incarnation of goddess Kumari has a special place. Girls who have a beautiful appearance, are unharmed from top to bottom, have not suffered from any disasters, have an excellent marital status, calm and stable character, have right to participate in elections.
In end, female candidate will be locked in a bloody room, waiting for a bloody buffalo head and threats from devil. Only brave girls who pass test can be proclaimed Kumari.
When Kumari cries, people will think that disaster awaits country, and they especially revere goddess Kumari; when she bestows blessings on people, people think she is a symbol of good luck.
According to traditional rules, when Kumari menarche comes, goddess leaves girl; Kumari's illness and injury would also cause her to lose her divine power. These "accidents" will force her to step down from her respected goddess role and return to lives of ordinary people.Connection with God
It is undeniable that Kumari are spiritual pillars of Nepal, they are an integral part of Nepalese traditional culture, they have incredible power.
Many girls who retired as Kumari have said that during their time as a living goddess, when worshipers pray for wishes, they can feel what people are thinking. They have great magical powers.
There was also an incident in Nepal where Goddess Kumari wept inexplicably, and royal family was wounded soon after. People believed that Goddess Kumari had the ability to predict disasters and believed in it. .holy and lonely
At every Nepalese Desai festival, Goddess Kumari will sit on a magnificent palanquin and greet faithful with a solemn and beautiful look. She will go around whole city and personally bless believers She will place red cinnabar on king and give him power to rule country.
To this day, this traditional custom is still preserved, and ideological culture of "God-given Monarchy" in Nepal is still alive and well.
Worshipers will make offerings at major festivals and make various wishes to Kumari. Someone prayed to pass exam, someone hoped for family harmony, and someone prayed for work.
At this time, Kumari will accept requests of believers one by one and diligently do his work. Faced with support of a large number of believers at a young age, Kumari also feels tired and lonely.
Kumari was chosen as a 4-year-old girl, unable to talk to strangers, unable to touch dirty ground with her feet, distant from her family and endured ten years of a lonely life.
Ten years from now, they will have a big break.
A Nepalese girl who was once goddess Kumari recalled: "In morning you are still called a saint, but in afternoon you are nothing."
There are even some Kumari goddesses who refuse to change because they cannot bear this kind of change. Sixty years later, she still dresses like Goddess Kumari and lives with that look forever.Modern look
Having descended from throne of Goddess Kumari and become an ordinary girl, will face another test.
Even most elementary human actions are limited. In future, they will have to learn how to walk, express themselves and get along with others. These problems will hit them like sea water at some stage. making them an unbearable burden.
For ten years now, girls have not had access to schooling, they do not know how to live in groups, and when they return to noisy crowd, this too will cause people to fear saint.
In eyes of believers, Kumari is sacred and inviolable, and girls, once chosen by Kumari, must have some kind of mysterious power in themselves.
Kumari is embodiment of Durga's childhood. People remember this story in ancient legends. The king was punished for having evil thoughts about goddess Durga. Therefore, a frightening rumor circulates in market: If a man marries a girl who once served as a kumari, then she will die soon.
Many men are afraid of this "curse" and dare not marry their former Kumari, but there is also a lot of data proving that this is not a real legend.
This can't help but make people think deeply, should such traditional cultural practices be preserved? Some behaviors have violated rights and interests of girls and ruined the beautiful life of girls.
During reign of Goddess Kumari, they lost their happiness and looked down on worshipers who surrendered at their feet. What did they feel fresh? Is it satisfied? Still bored? We do not know.
However, some parents of Goddess Kumari will be proud of this, because they can not only receive government subsidies and donations from believers, but also receive courtesy of believers in relation to Kumari family.
Tagore once said: "Learn from children, they never doubt hope for future." Children have a light in their eyes, and adults should create a better world for them. If culture of a country needs to be passed on, it can be integrated into scientific methods and culture will become more vibrant with positive changes.
Therefore, legacy of Goddess Kumari culture must keep pace with times and make changes.
Some people are suggesting that country allow Kumari to go to school like a normal child, learn new things, see a doctor when sick and exercise your rights, and not just be embodiment of God, bless country and bless believers.
"Behind every dark cloud hides sunshine". These proposals have partially become a reality. In 2008, a law finally granted Nepalese goddess Kumari right to receive an education. KumariCan receive private education and pass exams.Summary
First of all, it is a person, and then the incarnation of God.
Looking into past, Kumari inherited religious culture of Nepal, which defines their identity. Girls can't choose, they are chosen Kumari, they are saints of world, and most of people who can be recorded in history are "too tall to be cold".
As saints, they are extremely noble. As a people, they have lost a lot.
"Three feet of frost is not daytime frost". In modern society, slow change of traditional culture of Nepal is doomed to a long and difficult process.