From distant pre-Qin period, several early schools began to emerge, and academic organization and development laid a solid foundation for prosperity of later generations.
However, during Spring and Autumn and Warring States periods, division and alliance, strife and confusion, left scholars without peace, but also brought them a vast "new continent".
It has been observed that ancient scholars cannot do without strong political convictions. This phrase is vividly reflected in writings of scholars of Spring and Autumn period and Warring States period.
They are full of economic knowledge, and they all want to be used by country, so they travel to learn, continue to develop and share their "superficial views" with different countries.
But it so happened that this action led to development and emergence of many schools of thought, and finally, there was a situation of discord between "hundred schools of thought", which is a rare event in literary world.
In different dynasties, different historians have very different records of "Hundred Schools". Also historian of Han Dynasty, in records of Sima Qian, hundreds of schools of thought were grouped into "six schools". However, Liu Xiang, a historian of reign of Emperor Xuan of Han Dynasty, recorded 189 kinds of schools of thought in compiled Han Shu.
In general, entries in "Hanshu" will be main ones. However, as ruts of time run mercilessly across world, "Hundred Schools" used to be a number of humble empty fingers, In end, only Confucianism and Taoism remained.Confucianism and Taoism dominate all schools of thought
In old saying, debate about getting out of world and entering world is endless, and even today it's hard to settle down. "World" in this case is a rough concept, roughly referring to "real world".
Whether you want to commit yourself to real world, do something for real world, and whether you will be influenced by real world, free from worldly problems, is root of debate.
Confucianism and Taoism are precisely carriers of two views that stand out from "hundred" schools of thought. Like two seemingly completely opposite ends, they climbed to top in two completely different ways and finally met at top of peak. Whether there is any connection between them, subsequent generations show great interest in it.
The famous Analysts of Confucius is a unique book that can represent Confucianism. It has a large number of chapters used in teaching world how to behave in world, and it is believed that "big man" should "ping world".
Unlike Taoism, famous "inaction" is main idea that best represents spirit of Taoism. Completely different concepts have attracted countless followers and propagandists.
By being out of world and entering into world, they have more or less subconsciously avoided world's excessive perturbations, kept purest self, and also kept core of their respective theories intact and propagated them unseen. It can also be a condition of "dominance" in difficult times.
In ancient China, there was a feudal system. The ideas that rulers of the country believed in had a profound effect on society and people. These two schools were also sought after and promoted by different emperors at different times.
The Confucian school of thought has won hearts of rulers. The concept of joining world constantly transports talents with political ambitions and talents for country. The outlook on life is also very suitable for social stability. Emphasis on morality, emphasizing people's livelihood, and morality cultivates people's livelihood, creating a preliminary outline of a harmonious society.
The famous "Abolition of all schools of thought, only Confucianism" is an important milestone in process of propaganda and dissemination of Confucianism. This ruler who created era made this amazing decision. At that time, whole country They all study theory of Confucianism and believe in spirit of Confucianism.
The spirit of Taoism is very much in line with word we're talking about today - relaxation. The so-called feeling of relaxation is to keep your soil warm and moist in a mediocre and complex world, to let it grow wildly and to believe in your own nature.
Located among general public, rulers need not worry about it, and common people need not worry about it. Everything in world moves forward according to its own laws, and this is deeply loved by some rulers.
Tang Xuanzong, who created spectacle of "Prosperous Age of Kaiyuan", is a representative of Taoism. The school of thought he believed in influenced his ruling situation. The enlightenment and openness of Tang Dynasty had a lot to do with this man, and grand event he created also spread "doing nothing" theory to a certain extent.
In a feudal dynasty, status of ruler is highest, and no one can shake it. Schools of thought that rulers "endorse" can naturally operate powerfully over a vast continent, just as a mother river feeds a nation's civilization, and theories that spread are like every drop of nectar sprinkled with water of a vast land motherland was deeply passed on to subsequent generations.Film between exercises
The so-called "Hundreds of Schools", numbers are virtual, as are shapes. Far beyond "hundred" number, far beyond "family" barrier. The so-called united family is understood as a theory that forms its own school. It seems that different theories are firmly separated, like dull thick barriers through which it is impossible to penetrate.
But film between them is really useless. They all appear more or less against same chaotic backdrop, "together" against a backdrop of darkness with majestic vitality. However, method that arose at that time destroyed barrier between them from very beginning. This method is called "show tour".
Scientists who believe in different theories, full of knowledge and their own unique ideas, travel and lecture. When they meet scientists of same and different schools, they communicate with each other, and sometimes they will stay with each other when they meet "Bole" Physiognomy. So, all kinds of ideas are integrated with each other, each has its own distinct core, but each has its own integration.
Thus, respective theories seem to be same, even in endlessly discussed dispute about "becoming from world to world" there is still a similarity.
In spirit of Lao Tzu, so-called "wu wei" is not subordinate to word "wu", since there can be mutual transformation and flexibility. The public world is bridge between them and their language of communication. People orientation, management without doing anything.
All of their supporters hope to build a strong fortress for thousands of people and a world of suffering, as well as protect many sentient beings.
Because of defense of man's power will be most important thing of morality; because of defense of man's power there will be humility of inaction and obedience. People-oriented, people-led, a few short words thicken generous and tender hearts of two schools.
The two schools of thought seem to be opposite paths, but they are both like soft jade, like rain of rain moistening Confucianism, covering and nourishing everything. Their softness is connected to each other and is a sharp tool to break barrier, this is nature of bonding with each other.Output:
We did not have opportunity to witness this grandiose event. We searched for some of schools on advanced Internet and could only find an unfamiliar name, or even we did not even know writing school.
But we are constantly blown by a warm wind. The struggle of "hundred" schools represents an era, and also unites core of "hundred" schools.
As for schools that seemed to have disappeared, they may have entered core of other schools, and they still flow in this great river of knowledge that irrigates civilization along banks. They travel through time, change dimensions, and survive the merger.