Lin Huiyin, a graduate of University of Pennsylvania, is not only a professor at Tsinghua University, but also first female architect in history of Chinese architecture.
Lin Huiyin's achievements in architecture rival those of her husband, Liang Sicheng. When she and her husband were both ill, they traveled all over country and made an extremely important historical contribution in gathering information about existing ancient buildings.
Lin Huiyin was once involved in designing National Emblem, National Hero Monument, Babaoshan Revolutionary Cemetery and other major buildings, and has worked hard all his life to protect ancient buildings.
Why did Lin Huiyin scold Wu Han, who was then official deputy mayor, in 1953? What question annoyed this talented and beautiful woman? So what about Lin Huiyin's harsh reprimand to Wuhan?Poet turned architect
Lin Huiyin traveled around Europe with his father when he was young. Although he was a girl, he developed a strong interest in architecture, but at that time university did not admit girls to major in architecture.
To study architecture, she took path of saving country with curves. Unable to directly apply for an architecture major, she applied for a fine arts major. After entering university, she took all courses in architecture.
After Lin Huiyin and her husband Liang Sicheng returned from their studies, they began teaching at Northeastern University. In fifteen years, they visited more than 190 counties in north and south of Yangtze River with her husband, who was wounded and injured. uncomfortable legs., 2738 old buildings.
Lin Huiyin also suffered from lung disease. The two of them stood test and collected a large amount of ancient architectural data, filling a gap in the statistics of ancient Chinese architectural archives.
As daughter of Master Xu Zhimo, Lin Huiyin naturally inherited many of her father's talents. It was Lin Huiyin's talent that aroused admiration of Liang Qichao's son, Liang Xicheng Yingxian Wooden Pagoda.
It was such a talented female architect who objected to demolition of ancient buildings in capital at a rally, thinking that old buildings cannot be demolished, old buildings in capital are old, and every arch can be considered antiques.
The demolition of antiques to relieve traffic load is a highly undesirable, even absurd decision. If traffic load is high, first thing to do is to decide layout and direction of movement, and not one-sided demolition of ancient buildings.an eye for an eye
However, Wu Han, who was also a professor at Tsinghua University, didn't think so. Wu Han, who was deputy mayor of Beijing at time, argued that refusing to demolish arch was following old customs.
Decisions must be made quickly to demolish arches that obstruct traffic, and even promote open-mindedness and build western buildings. These proposals deeply hurt Lin Huiyin and her husband Liang Sicheng, who were attending meeting. The ancient buildings that couple worked so hard to protect had to be demolished, and they really didn't want to.
At subsequent meeting, Lin Huiyin's husband and Wu Han met unexpectedly, and they had a serious disagreement about demolition of arch. Liang Sicheng strongly accused Wu Han of being arbitrary in this matter, but at the time, Wu Han was completely indifferent to any opposition voices.
All objections are viewed by him as a devoted fan of far-right thinking, and they are all objects of his opposition and stifling. Ever since Wu Han gave up writing and entered politics, he has been treated like a different person, and even his teacher Hu Shi cannot enter. His insight.
Before Wu Han entered politics, he was a historian who studied history of Ming Dynasty very deeply, but before his eyes, many colleagues and family members died of hunger and cold in midst of hunger and poverty.
He began to fall completely into abyss of extreme left. Many of his former colleagues were enemies in his heart, including, of course, his mentor Hu Shi, Luo Longji, who helped him, his friend Shen Congwen, and so on.
So while it's contrary to all of instructions above, it's wrong. A writer suddenly enters politics with no experience, and naturally there are many questions worth discussing.
After a heated argument between Liang Sicheng and Wu Han, Wu Han has a new perspective on Lin Huiyin, couple protecting ancient buildings.
In his opinion, this couple is a stumbling block in his political career, and he must refute their opinion in order to really achieve his goal.The roar of a female architect
After an argument between Wu Han and Liang Sicheng, Lin Huiyin and Wu Han also unexpectedly met at another banquet. In an argument over whether or not to demolish ancient archway, Wu Han ridiculed Lin Huiyin and her husband as a noble from old society.
It seems that at this moment, former historian strongly combined literature and politics. This kind of irony undoubtedly hurt Lin Huiyin deeply and annoyed Lin Huiyin extremely, as if an unknown forest fire broke out in his heart.
Lin Huiyin angrily yelled at Wu Han, “Our Lin family has been full of loyalty and devotion to country for generations. What are you? Why are you bullying my family? If you really want to demolish ancient arch, 50 years later you will regret it." However, Wu Han, who was obsessed with politics at time, would naturally have no awakening, and ferocious demolition and installation in 1953 represented two directions.
As representatives of demolition and erection, Lin Huiyin and his wife are naturally at a disadvantage: although they are loyal protectors of ancient structures, they have no real rights in their hands.
Therefore, desire to protect ancient arch in end did not come true. The ancient archway in capital was finally cleared, which made Lin Huiying's heart ache. The treasures left from ancient capitals of four dynasties were quickly cleared. After seeing what happened on Gupailou Street, Lin Huiyin became ill.
The Ancient Arch is no more, and ancient building that she once wanted to protect all her life has been completely cleansed under her eyelids. This reality, which she did not want to accept, hurt Lin Huiyin, and Lin Huiyin became heavier from it. Then on the.
Over following days, his condition continued to deteriorate, during inpatient treatment he refused to take medication and died in hospital.Summary
Lin Huiyin, first female architect in modern history, has many halos on her body: national emblem, monument to people's heroes, revolutionary cemetery, etc.
Although Lin Huiyin was born into a rich family, she is not as squeamish as a rich girl. In order to study history of ancient Chinese architecture, she and her husband traveled all over country and accumulated a lot of locally relevant ancient architecture materials.
Lin Huiyin, who has made an outstanding contribution to protection and research of ancient Chinese architecture, is also an outstanding representative of women writers. Many of Lin Huiyin's quotes are still classics today.Lin Huiyin's prose "Life is same as first time you see it" and classic sentence in Lin Huiyin's Autobiography: "...Me and Spring Breeze both passers-by, and you take autumn water to hug galaxy..." Everything is classic.