Confucius, as founder of Confucian school, has talents and knowledge that are different from ordinary people. Confucianism became a very important concept of governing a country in a feudal monarchy for more than two thousand years. One of important reasons why emperors of all dynasties were first to promote Confucianism was rules and regulations of benevolence, decency and righteousness in Confucianism.
In an era when old and new dynasties are replaced, legal system will naturally be destroyed. The theory of Confucius just perfectly interprets this concept of governing country from 0 to N.
Confucius's academic concept of heaven, earth, Jingwei has become cornerstone of his peaches and plums all over world. The descendants of Confucius, who are revered as "wise men", were passed down from generation to generation. Until today, Confucian culture has been passed down from spark to spark for more than two thousand years.
There is only one that can compare to him, and that is descendant of a famous family. The founding sect is passed down to this day, and descendants of founder are also passed down to sixty-fourth generation. Which family is comparable to Kong family?After famous family
Huang Laozhi's theory is a theory of Taoism founded by emperor and Laozi. The main theme of Huang Laozhi's theory is silence and inaction. framework for basic inaction of political management is below.
Management in accordance with legal framework that emphasizes foundation, and management model that returns to nature in practice, basically implements some policies to recuperate with people. The number of Huang and Lao laid foundation for development of Taoism.
In contrast to long development of Confucian culture by Confucius and sages, Taoism is developed and strengthened by a branch of Taoism, Zhengtianshidao. According to legend, founder of Tianshidao is Zhang Daoling, a descendant of Zhang Liang.
Of course, there are different opinions about origin of Zhang Daoling. After Zhang Daoling became famous, the legends that befell him are also very magical. According to legend, Zhang Daoling's mother became ill after she had a dream about Tiankuixing. .
But after doctor took his pulse, he told Zhang Daoling with a smile that his mother was pregnant. The parents felt that there was a vision of sudden appearance of a child. Before pregnancy, they dreamed that Tian Kui Xing descended to earth.
On fifteenth day of first lunar month that Zhang Daoling was born, according to records, yellow clouds rolled in on Zhang Daoling's birthday, and sea of clouds overflowed, illuminating Zhang family.
That is, day Zhang Daoling was born was originally a full moon on fifteenth day of first lunar month. Under falling yellow clouds at gate, a vision of purple air coming from east appeared. Zhang family.
Zhang Daoling was able to be accepted into Taixue mainly because he was eager to learn from childhood and at same time paid great attention to combination of theory and practice, so he became a student of Taixue.
In principle, ancient Thai students were equated with graduate students of higher educational institutions. After graduation, they became pillars of society, because good senior officials were selected and appointed from among Thai students.
After being accepted into this school, Zhang Daoling has already entered management team of Han Empire with one foot. However, after Zhang Daoling graduated, he was assigned by imperial court to Sichuan, a barren land at time. Zhang Daoling was very disappointed with a place where birds don't shit. But a premonition of fate made this master of theory and practice change his mind.
When he came to Jiangzhou for work, he found that there are many mosquitoes, and area is humid, and various diseases are also clustered and frequent. After Zhang Daoling saw this, he began to study traditional Chinese medicine, such as talismans to relieve suffering of people.
In process of treating diseases of common people, he gained fame, since then he retired from his official position and began to study Taoism with great concentration. In 141 AD, Zhang Daoling wrote 24 Taoist scriptures, which became main ideological basis of Tianshi teachings.
In fact, during Eastern Han Dynasty, Confucianism was absolutely dominant.Although Zhang Daoling set up an altar for disciple recruitment at time, newly born Taoism of Heavenly Masters was naturally not as dominant as Confucianism.The Celestial Master is passed down from generation to generation
At Tianshi Dao, Zhang Daoling had a very long evaluation period when recruiting disciples, and also had many requirements and rules, especially in terms of matching virtue and ability.
Therefore, all disciples recruited by Zhang Daoling in early days were well-tested and capable people. Not only did one have to pay "five buckets of rice" to join Tianshijiao to start, so Tianshijiao was also called Wudou in Mijiao, Zhang Daoling, as Tianshijiao's ancestor, was added to Daozi's name by later generations, which later generations called Zhang Daolin.
After Zhang Daoling's theory of Taoism reached a very high level, Zhang Daoling's Taoist thoughts based on kindness, strong ability to practice Taoist theory, and superpowers of self-control brought Zhang Daoling IQ, EQ, adverse coefficient, body coefficient leap development.
In terms of EQ and IQ, his use of law of elixir of curing diseases and saving lives not only evoked gratitude of ordinary people, but also produced a very good calling card effect.
In terms of unfavorable business, it seems that Zhang Daoling is also good. As a master's student at a Han Dynasty High School, Tai students were actually sent to a deserted place that was almost barbaric.
He didn't give up on himself because of this, however. On contrary, with a mentality of curing diseases and saving lives, he quickly devoted himself to work, using his former in-depth knowledge to address immediate suffering of locals. People.
These good vows broadened his horizons, so Zhang Daoling lived to be 122 years old, which is also his great advantage in terms of physical injuries.
It was precisely because of this attitude towards world that Tianshijiao slowly spread and developed over course of two thousand years.
During development of Tianshi Dao, although Confucian culture was not widespread, there was also a historical period in history of Tianshi Dao recognized by royal family.
He was highly regarded by Cao Cao during Three Kingdoms period, and by royal family during Tang Dynasty.
During development of Tianshijiao, it was inherited in same way as Kong family. Only those with Zhang's blood can inherit position of head of Tianshidao, so actual power holders of Tianshidao are descendants of Zhang's descendants of Tianshidao and will not be passed on to outsiders.
During nearly two thousand years of expansion, Tianshi Heavenly Masters of Taoist Zhang family have perfected their profession. In 1325, Tianshijiao was recognized by Kublai Khan as an independent Taoist sect, and Tianshi Taoism reached its peak. today passed down to 65th generation.Summary
After Zhang Daoling's death, it was passed on to his son Zhang Heng. Lived in Longhushan, Jiangxi, and was passed down to 63 generations after almost two thousand years of inheritance.
Taoism has experienced changing times and hardships of years in nearly 2,000 years of heritage and has been passed down to this day.
For almost two thousand years, Zhang Tianshi has been active among people, but he has never been as prominent as Confucius, and age of inheritance has reached limit of two thousand.
Thus, it seems that in last two thousand years of Zhang Tianshi's development, although there were no major disturbances, legacy of Zhang family over 2000 years is undoubtedly comparable to that of the Confucian family.